Author Guidelines

The average length of manuscripts can be up to 20-30 double-spaced (including abstract, references, figure captions and tables) pages on 8.5 X 11 inch paper with at least a one inch margin. There should be one blank line between paragraphs. Please submit an electronic file via email ( or on a CD disk (MS Word preferred), which can also contain the illustrations/figures. Hard copy manuscripts (one copy, plus CD with electronic files) can be submitted as well to the mailing address below. For the initial review process the illustrations can be copies, but they must be clear, clean, legible copies. The final high resolution scans of the illustrations/tables are to be sent upon acceptance of the paper. Authors are responsible for preparing the best images possible for publication and obtaining any permission for use. The editors reserve the right to reject any illustration not meeting the standards for clarity, with the understanding that old manuscripts, letters, documents, etc. may not be very clear in the original. All scanned figures/illustrations should be submitted as separate files and not included within the submitted text.

After the paper is accepted and final corrections have been made, the final submission draft must be sent as a word processing file, MSWord (preferred). Preferred font Times New Roman, size 10 type; 9 point type for the abstract. Please turn off all the automatic formatting that is humanly possible, and please do not send pdf files.

Authors will receive a copy of the layout of the article for final checking from the editor and any changes are to be made at this time. Please note that no revisions can be made after the file is sent to the printer. The author(s) is (are) furnished with a copy of the issue and 10 free re-prints, but additional reprints of the article may be purchased at the time of printing. Depending upon the length of the article, re-print prices vary. The Editor will provide the author(s) with an approximate cost. Re-prints can be purchased only from PHI at the time of printing.




2. Author list: in capital and lower-case letters in a single paragraph with first name or initials first. If there is more than one author, then have superscripts in front of each to identify the respective addresses.

3. The list of addresses (in italics), in capital and lower-case letters with a superscript number to correspond to the respective author.

4. Abstract – A short summary of the main points.

5. Within TEXT – HEADINGS: All should be centered and on a separate line from text with a space between heading and text.

A. First order headings: all capital letters in BOLD PRINT.

B. Second order headings: Capital and lower-case letters.

C. Third order headings: Italics – with first letter of the first word capitalized and the last word followed by a period and two hyphens; e.g., Stratigraphic relationships.–

6. Summary/Conclusion – a short closing paragraph(s).

7. References – A list of both cited and non-cited references as required.



1. One set of figures/photographs/tables submitted with the final draft must be high resolution scans or camera ready originals (to be returned). We recommend the black and white illustrations be scanned at a minimum of 600 dpi, with gray-scale, and saved as a “JPG” or “TIF/tiff” (the latter is preferred) format. Oil-Industry History does publish color illustrations. If you are submitting color illustrations, please scan them at 400 dpi (minimum). Please remove any date stamps from photographs. Contact the editor for details. Please note: images copied from websites are not suitable for printing.

2. Line figures no larger than one USA standard page can be accepted.

3. Please indicate if you would like the photographs/illustrations to be one-column format (7 inches wide), or a two-column (3.4 inches wide). Depending upon space within the issue, the editor will attempt to follow the wishes of the author(s) wherever possible.

4. Lettering on figures/tables should be large enough to be seen after the smallest expected reduction has been made.

5. If you submit hard copies of original illustrations, please identify all figures/illustrations/tables on the back with light pencil with the senior author’s name and the figure number. If scanned images are submitted on a CD, please see that each one is clearly identified, and provide captions for each.

6. At least a one mm margin may be cropped in the publishing process, so any labels or scales must be more than 1 mm from the edge of the margin.

7. Figure captions, in italics, should be on a separate page(s) from the text and each caption/table headed by “Figure 1”, Figure 2”, “Table 1”, Table 2”, etc.

8. Parenthetical references to figures within the text should be (Fig. 1), (Fig. 2), (Table 1), (Table 2), etc., but within sentences: “Figure 1 illustrates the main tower…” or “As shown in Table 1, the well was …”

9. For previously published figures a full reference citation must be given, and authors must obtain written approval from the original publisher, if so required by that publisher. Authors must obtain permission to use original photographs and other original material from the owner/archive/museum, etc. Such permission is the responsibility of the author(s).

10. Mail the scanned copies of illustrations on a CD. Do not send them via email, please.



The editors of Oil-Industry History have a preferred style (see below), but are flexible in this regard. However, it is expected that all authors will properly cite all their in-text references in the list of references at the end of the paper (see examples below). If you have sources that were not cited in the text, these may be included as: OTHER SOURCES NOT CITED or OTHER REFERENCES CONSULTED at the end of the cited reference list. If you refer to a web site, please include the complete web address, and the date you visited the site.

1. No abbreviations of journal titles, etc.

2. List authors in alphabetical order with the last name in CAPITAL letters and repeated even if there is more than one paper by the same person. Please use the form of the name as it appears on the reference being cited, i.e., full name, first name and middle initial, or all initials. If, for a single author(s), there are more than one reference in a given year, then use 2010a, 2010b, etc. With multiple articles for a single author, please list them in chronological order, oldest first.

3. Please follow the punctuation style as used in recent issues (see below).

4. Italicize journal names and book titles. Please use the complete journal title, do not abbreviate journal titles.

5. Please, when known, include the issue number of the journal and/or the month of publication.

6. Leave one space between each reference.

7. In the reference list, please do not use et al. unless there are more than 5 authors for a single reference, but use et al. as an in-text reference if there are more than two authors for the book or article.


For the in-text citations:

1. The preferred reference style is the parenthetical, (Last Name Year) with no comma between the author and the year (unless the first initial is needed to distinguish between two authors with the same last name), but use a semi-colon between each subsequent reference. For direct quotations, please include the page number(s), e.g., (Weller 1960; Smith, J. 2003); (Weller 1960, p. 22).

2. You may use either endnote or footnote style of in-text referencing. For each, please use the following suggestions: the first time1 a reference is used, in the footnote or endnote please include the full citation and pages. For subsequent references2 to that same citation, in the footnote or endnote please use only the author’s name, brief title (enough for identification), year, and the pages for that reference.

1 P. 7; Pees, S. T., 2002, Petroleum Mining in NW Pennsylvania: Oil-Industry History, v. 3, p. 34-55.

2. Pees, Petroleum mining…, 2002, p. 38.

3. For unpublished material, letters, diaries, etc., use a footnote/endnote for these and give the complete source location, file number, etc. After the first reference to a particular source, an abbreviation can be used., e.g., Department of Rare and Manuscripts Collections, Kroch Library, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853 [Hereafter: DRMC/KL/Cornell]


Examples of reference list:

GAVISH, E., KRUMBEIN, W. E., and HALEVY, J., 1985, Geomorphology, mineralogy, and groundwater geochemistry as factors of the hydrodynamic system of the Gavish Sabkha, in Friedman, Gerald M. and Krumbein, W. E., eds, Hypersaline Ecosystems: Berlin, Springer-Verlag, p. 186-217.

SIRKIN, L. and STUCKENRATH, R., 1980, The Port Washington Warn Interval in the Northern Atlantic Coastal Plain: Geological Society of American Bulletin, v. 91, p. 332-336.

WELLER, J. M., 1960, Stratigraphic Principles and Practice: New York, Harper and Row, 725p.

A voluntary contribution is $25.00 per page is requested of all authors to help defray publication costs. Acceptance and publication of an article is not contingent upon receipt of a contribution. A contribution of any amount is always greatly appreciated.

Please submit manuscripts to: William R. Brice, Editor, Oil-Industry History, 116 Luna Lane, Johnstown, PA 15904-3068;